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Pakistan pashto local sxce com

The Early Medieval period (642–1219 AD) witnessed the spread of Islam in the region.

The Pakistani economy is the 24th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power and the 41st largest in terms of nominal GDP (World Bank).

It is characterised among the emerging and growth-leading economies of the world, and is backed by one of the world's largest and fastest growing middle classes.

The Muslim League slowly rose to mass popularity in the 1930s amid fears of under-representation and neglect of Muslims in politics.

In his presidential address of 29 December 1930, Allama Iqbal called for "the amalgamation of North-West Muslim-majority Indian states" consisting of Punjab, North-West Frontier Province, Sind and Baluchistan.

The post-independence history of Pakistan has been characterised by periods of military rule and since 2008, a transition to democracy, amid conflicts with neighbouring India.

The country continues to face challenging problems, including illiteracy, healthcare and corruption, although it has significantly reduced poverty, Pakistan is a member of the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Commonwealth of Nations, ECO, SAARC, Developing Eight, the G20 developing nations, Group of 24, Group of 77 and ECOSOC. Pakistan is a signatory to the Kyoto Protocol, the Paris Agreement and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

These developments set the stage for the rule of several successive Muslim empires in the region, including the Ghaznavid Empire (975–1187 AD), the Ghorid Kingdom and the Delhi Sultanate (1206–1526 AD).

The Lodi dynasty, the last of the Delhi Sultanate, was replaced by the Mughal Empire (1526–1857 AD).

Over 10 million people were uprooted from their homeland and travelled on foot, bullock carts and trains to their promised new home during the Partition of India.

During the partition between 200,000 to 2,000,000 people were killed in the retributive genocide.

Initially a dominion, Pakistan adopted a new constitution in 1956, becoming an Islamic republic.